A webliography of digitized historical books on gaming and gambling

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I made this bibliography in order to have an overview over what I have found and not to sort out the various editions of the same book every time again. Especially those volumes not listed in the usual repositories (Google Books, Open Library, HathiTrust) are sometimes hard to find. It cannot be complete, of course. Additions would be very much appreciated!

Sort the table ascending or descending by clicking the arrows in the column headers.

TitleAuthor(s)YearPublisherLanguageSource
Das Schach- oder König-Spiel: In 4 unterschiedene Bücher, mit behfleiß, gründ- u. ordentl. abgefasset. Auch mit dienl. Kupfer-Stichen gezieret. Desgleichen worhin nicht außgangen. diesem ist zu ende angefüget ein sehr altes Spiel, genandt Rythmo-Machia Gustavus Selenus (i. e. Herzog August Ⅱ. von Braunschweig-Lüneburg) Henning Groß d. J. (Leipzig)German UB Heidelberg
Christiani Hugenii Libellus de ratiociniis in ludo aleæ. Or, The value of all chances in games of fortune Cards, Dice, wagers, Lotteries &c. Mathematically demonstrated. Christianus Hugenius (Christiaan Huygens) T. Woodward (London)English (translated from Latin by Sir William Browne) Google Books (British Library)
Das Schach- oder König-Spiel: In 4 unterschiedene Bücher, mit behfleiß, gründ- u. ordentl. abgefasset. Auch mit dienl. Kupfer-Stichen gezieret. Desgleichen worhin nicht außgangen. diesem ist zu ende angefüget ein sehr altes Spiel, genandt Rythmo-Machia Gustavus Selenus (i. e. Herzog August Ⅱ. von Braunschweig-Lüneburg) Henning Groß d. J. (Leipzig)German Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek/Staatliche Bibliothek Regensburg)
Hoyle's Games, Improved: Consisting of Practical Treatises on Whist ... [etc.] : with an Essay on Game Cocks and the Rules &c. at Horse Races : Wherein are Comprised Calculations for Betting Upon Equal Or Advantageous Terms Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones R. Baldwin et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's games improved: consisting of practical treatsies on whist, quadrille, piquet ... with an essay on game cocks and the rules &c. at horse races wherin are comprised calculations for betting upon equal or advantageous terms Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones W. Lowndes (London)English Google Books (Harvard University)
Hoyle's Games, Improved: Consisting of Practical Treatises on Whist ... [etc.] : with an Essay on Game Cocks and the Rules &c. at Horse Races : Wherein are Comprised Calculations for Betting Upon Equal Or Advantageous Terms Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones Geo. B. Whittaker et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's Games Edmond Hoyle, G.H. Longman, Rees and Co. et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The New Pocket Hoyle: Containing the Games of Whist.... [etc.] : Accurately Displaying the Rules and Practice, as Admitted and Established by the First Players in the Kingdom Edmond Hoyle Robert Scholey et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The new Hoyle: containing easy rules for playing the games of whist ... with tables of odds, calculated for betting equitably and advantageously, with the laws of the several games Edmond Hoyle G. Walker (London)English Google Books (Princeton University)
? Edmond Hoyle??English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Mr. Hoyle's Games of Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess and Back-Gammon Complete Edmond Hoyle ? (The Seventeenth Edition) P. Charles (London)English Google Books (British Library)
Mr. Hoyle's Games of Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess and Back-Gammon Complete Edmond Hoyle ? (The Fourteenth Edition) Thomas Osborne, Henry Woodfall, Richard Baldwin (London)English Google Books (Oxford University)
Mr. Hoyle's Games Complete Edmond Hoyle ? (The Eleventh Edition) Thomas Osborne, James Hodges, Richard Baldwin (London)English Google Books (British Library)
Hoyle's Games Edmond Hoyle P. and W. Wynne (London)English Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
Hoyle's Games Improved: Being Practical Treatises on Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess, Back-gammon, Draughts .... Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones R. Baldwin, B. Law, C. Dilly et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's Games Improved: Being Practical Treatises on Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess, Back-gammon, Draughts .... In which are Contained the Method of Betting at Those Games Upon Equal Or Advantageous Terms Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones R. Baldwin, B. Law, C. Dilly et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's Games Improved: Being Practical Treatises on the Following Fashionable Games, Viz.: Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess, Back-gammon ... : in which are Contained the Method of Betting at Those Games Upon Equal Or Advantageous Terms Edmond Hoyle, Thomas Jones W. Wood (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's Games Improved: Being Practical Treatises on Whist, Quadrille, Piquet, Chess, Back-gammon, Draughts .... In which are Contained the Method of Betting at Those Games Upon Equal Or Advantageous Terms Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones J.F. and C. Rivington et al. (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Hoyle's games improved: being practical treatises on the following fashionable games, viz, whist, quadrille, chess, in which are also contained, the method of betting at those games upon equal or advantageous terms, including the laws of the several games Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones J. Rivington and J. Wilkei et al. (London)English Google Books (Princeton University)
Hoyle's Improved Edition of the Rules for Playing Fashionable Games: Containing Copious Directions for Whist, Quadrille, Piquet ... Together with an Analysis of the Game of Chess and an Engraved Plate for the Instruction of Beginners Edmond Hoyle W. C. Borradaile (New York)English Google Books (New York Public Library)
Hoyle's games improved: being practical treatises on the following fashionable games, viz. ... : in which are also contained the method of betting at those games upon equal, or advantageous terms : including the laws of the several games Edmond Hoyle, Charles Jones J.F. and C. Rivington et al. (London)English Google Books (Princeton University)
Das astronomische Kartenspiel : Das ist: Kunstrichtige Abbildung aller Gestirne am Himmel ober und unter der Erden ;; zu Behuf der lehrgierigen Jugend gleich dem Georaphischen und Historischen Spielkarten verfasset Georg Philipp Harsdörffer Wolgff. (Nürnberg)German Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrum (SUB Göttingen)
The sports and pastimes of the people of England: Including the rural and domestic recreations, May games, mummeries, shows, processions, pageants, and pompous spectacles, from the earliest period to the present time Joseph Strutt, William Hone Thomas Tegg (London)English Google Books (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek)
The sports and pastimes of the people of England: Including the rural and domestic recreations, May games, mummeries, shows, processions, pageants, and pompous spectacles. Joseph Strutt Methuen & Company (London)English Google Books
The sports and pastimes of the people of England: Including the rural and domestic recreations, May games, mummeries, shows, processions, pageants, and pompous spectacles, from the earliest period to the present time Joseph Strutt, William Hone Thomas Tegg (London)English Google Books
The Compleat Gamester: In Three Parts. Charles Cotton, Richard Seymour (The Sixth Edition) E. Curll, J. Hodges (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The Compleat Gamester: In Three Parts. Charles Cotton, Richard Seymour (The Fifth Edition) E. Curll, J. Wilford (London)English Chicago Billiard Museum
Geschichte und Litteratur des Schachspiels. Erster Band Antonius van der Linde Julius Springer (Berlin)German Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
Geschichte und Litteratur des Schachspiels. Zweiter Band Antonius van der Linde Julius Springer (Berlin)German Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
The Compleat Gamester: In Three Parts. Charles Cotton, Richard Seymour (The Seventh Edition) J. Hodges (London)English Google Books (University of California)
The Compleat Gamester: In Three Parts. Richard Seymour, Charles Johnson (The Eighth Edition) J. Hodges (London)English Google Books (Oxford University)
The Compleat Gamester: In Three Parts. Charles Cotton, Richard Seymour (The Fifth Edition) E. Curll, J. Wilford (London)English Google Books (Oxford University)
The Compleat Gamester: Or, Full and Easy Instructions For Playing at above Twenty several Games Upon the Cards; With Variety of diverting Fancies and Tricks upon the same, now first added. As likewise at All the Games on the Tables. Together with The Royal Game of Chess, and Billiards. To which is added, The Gentleman's Diversion in the Arts and Mysteries of Riding, Racing, Archery, Cock-Fighting, and Bowling. N. N. (Charles Cotton) (The Fifth Edition, with Additions.) J. Wilford (London)English Google Books (Princeton University)
The Compleat Gamester: Or, Full and Easy Instructions For Playing at above Twenty several Games Upon the Cards; With Variety of diverting Fancies and Tricks upon the same, now first added. As likewise at All the Games on the Tables. Together with The Royal Game of Chess, and Billiards. To which is added, The Gentleman's Diversion in the Arts and Mysteries of Riding, Racing, Archery, Cock-Fighting, and Bowling. N. N. (Charles Cotton) (The Sixth Edition, with Additions.) J. Wilford (London)English Google Books (British Library)
The Compleat Gamester: Or, Full and Easy Instructions For Playing at above Twenty several Games Upon the Cards; With Variety of diverting Fancies and Tricks upon the same, now first added. As likewise at All the Games on the Tables. Together with The Royal Game of Chess, and Billiards. To which is added, The Gentleman's Diversion in the Arts and Mysteries of Riding, Racing, Archery, Cock-Fighting, and Bowling. N. N. (Charles Cotton) (The Fifth Edition, with Additions.) J. Wilford (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The Compleat Gamester: Or, Instructions How to Play at all manner of usual, and most Gentile Games, either on Cards, Trucks, Dice, Bowls, Billiard, Chess, Also the Arts and Misteries of Riding, Archery, Racing, Cock-Fighting. To Which is added The Game at Basset, never before printed in English. All Regulated by the most Experienc'd Masters. N. N. (Charles Cotton) (The Fifth Edition, with Additions.) Charles Brome (London)English Google Books (British Museum)
The Compleat Gamester: Or, Instructions How to Play at Billiard, Trucks, Bowls and Chess. Together with-all manner of usual and most Gentile Games either on Cards, or Dice. To which is Added, The Arts and Mysteries of Riding, Racing, Archery and Cock-Fighting. N. N. (Charles Cotton) Henry Brome (London)English PRISM: University of Calgary Digital Repository
Chinese games with dice and dominoes Stewart Culin Govt. print. off. (Washington)English Internet Archive (The Library of Congress)
Korean games : with notes on the corresponding games of China and Japan Stewart Culin University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)English Internet Archive (Cornell University Library)
Tschaturangavidjâ. Literatur des Schachspiels Anton Schmid Carl Gerold (Wien)German Google Books (Harvard University)
Glig-gamena Angel-deod . Or, The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England:: Including the Rural and Domestic Recreations, May-games, Mummeries, Pageants, Processions, and Pompous Spectacles, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time: Illustrated by Engravings Selected from Ancient ... Joseph Strutt J. White (London)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Glig-gamena angel-deod, or, The sports and pastimes of the people of England : including the rural and domestic recreations, May-games, mummeries, pageants, processions, and pompous spectacles, from the earliest period to the present time : illustrated by engravings selected from ancient paintings in which are represented most of the popular diversions Joseph Strutt White and Co. et al. (London)English Internet Archive (Getty Research Institute)
A New Treatise on Chess George Walker (3rd ed.) Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper (London)English Google Books (Nationale Zentralbibliothek Florenz)
A New Treatise on Chess George Walker (Never before printed in this country) Walker and Son (London)English Google Books (Oxford University)
Le jeu du whist : traité elémentaire des lois, règles, maximes et calculs de ce jeu, appuyé d'exemples tirés des meilleures autorités tant de la vieille que de la nouvelle école, depuis Hoyle jusqu'a Matthews, suivi d'observations sur le petit whist John Spencer Smith Wahlen (Bruxelles)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist ... Edmond Hoyle T. Osborne (London)English Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Games of Whist, Quadrille Piquet quinze Vingt un ... Edmond Hoyle P. & W. Wynne et al. (London)English Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 2 Aux Dépens De La Compagnie (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 1 Aux Dépens De La Compagnie (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux Le Gras (Paris)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 2 ? (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Le nouveau savant de société avec la nomenclature par ordre alphabétique des pénitences qui y sent attachées; ou Dictionnaire des jeux familiers, Contenant des Tours divertissants de Cartes, de Gobelets, d'Adresse, des Narrations amusantes, des Aventures comiques, des Anecdotes, des Jeux de Mots, des Calembours, et un Dictionnaire des Emblêmes de Pleurs : Par l'auteur de l'académie universelle des jeux F. Blechet (Paris)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 1 D. J. Changuion & T. Van Harrevelt (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 2 D. J. Changuion & T. Van Harrevelt (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Académie Universelle Des Jeux 3 D. J. Changuion & T. Van Harrevelt (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Neuestes Spielbuch: enthaltend: l'hombre, whist, Boston, piquet, tarok C. Haas (Wien)German Google Books (Harvard University)
Neuestes Spielbuch : oder gründliche Anweisung zur Erlernung der beliebtesten Karten- und Brettspiele ... Georg Grimm Wiegand (Leipzig)German Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
Neuestes Spielbuch : oder gründliche Anweisung zur Erlernung der beliebtesten Karten- und Brettspiele ... Georg Grimm Wiegand (Leipzig)German Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Neuestes Spielbuch: Nebst einer gründlichen Anweisung zu einer leichten Erlernung des L'Hombre, Quadrille, Cinquille, Whist, Tarok, Reversy, Patience, Kabale, Homme, Imperial, Triumpf, Piquet, Tresset, Boston, Triktrak, Tokkategli, Kasino, Konnection, Piquesept, Goodhope, Kleeblatt, Kriegs, Schach, Ball, Pielkentafel, Verkehren im Brettspiel, Billard, neuen englischen Billard, Republik, und deutschen Kegelspiel ; sammt den Ausdrücken deren man sich bey diesen Spielen bedienet Johann Georg Edler von Mößle (Wien)German Google Books (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek)
Neuestes allgemeines Spielbuch: enthaltend; der vollkommene Kartenspieler ... der allezeit fertige Brettspieler, Regeln vom Schach etc., der willkommene Gesellschafter C. Haas (Wien)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Neuestes allgemein-nützliches Spiel-Buch: nebst einer gründlichen Anleitung ... Johann Georg Edler von Mößle (Wien)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Il Giuoco pratico, o sieno Capitoli diversi che servono di regola ad una raccolta di guiochi più practicati nelle conversazioni d'Italia ... in questa ristampa alquarto accresciuti e ricorretti Giovanni GottardiItalian Google Books (British Library)
Il giuoco degli scacchi fra tre Filippo Marinelli Felice Mosca (Napoli)Italian Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Il giuocatore nella sala di conversazione che istruisce sul tarocco, all' ombre, al tressette, alla bazzica, sul giuoco degli scacchi, del bigliardo, della dama, e del cucù (3rd ed.) Vincenzo Abele Bussola (Milano)Italian Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Almanach des jeux, ou, Académie portative, contenant les regles du reversis, du wisk, du tre ... (Nouvelle Édition) Fournier (Paris)French Internet Archive (New York Public Library)
Grande académie des jeux: contenant le jeu de trictrac, les échecs, le jeu de dames, de domino, le Boston, l'écarté, le piquet, l'impériale, la bouillotte, le whist, le Boston aux deux couleurs, la triomphe, le pharaon, la mouche, la brusquembille, le lansquenet, la comète, le commerce, la bête, la guinguette, le cul-bas, la loterie, la pamphile, le passe-dix, le revertier et le jeu du reversis Caillot (Paris)French Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Versuch, den Ursprung der Spielkarten, die Einführung des Leinenpapieres und den Anfang der Holzschneidekunst in Europa zu erforschen (Band 1): Die Spielkarten und das Leinenpapier Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf (Leipzig)German UB Heidelberg
Spiel-Almanach, enthaltend die neueste Anweisung zu gründlichen und leichten Erlernung des Whist ... Julius Cäsar Wilhelm Oehmigke d. J. (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Neuer Spiel-Almanach fürs Jahr 1798 Julius Cäsar Wilhelm Oehmigke d. J. (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The Polite Gamester: Containing, Short Treatises on the Games of Whist, with an Artificial Memory, Quadrille, Back-gammon, Chess, Piquet, Billiards and Tennis. : Together with an Essay Towards Making the Doctrine of Chances, Easy to Those who Understand Vulgar Arithmetic Only. : To which are Added, Some Useful Tables on Annuities for Lives, &c. &c. &c Edmond Hoyle Peter Hoey (Dublin)English Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
The Polite Preceptor: Or, A Collection of Entertaining and Instructive Essays; Selected from the Best English Writers, and Arranged in the Most Natural Order; with a View to Inspire Into the Minds of Youth the Love of Virtue, and the Principles of True Taste and Just Reasoning 4th ed. Stanley Crowder (London)English Google Books (Library of the University of Virginia)
Il giuoco pratico o sieno: capitoli diversi. Che servono di regola ad una raccolta di giuochi più praticati nelle conversazioni d'Italia Sassi (Bologna)Italian Google Books (Nationale Zentralbibliothek Florenz)
Mädchenlust in den Erholungsstunden auf dem Schlosse zu Feldbrunn: Eine Sammlung von Jugendspielen zur Erheiterung des Geistes und zur Übung des Körpers für das zarte Geschlecht : Anschaulich dargestellt in einer Reihe lieblicher Farbenbilder Heinrich Friedrich Müller (Wien)German Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
Archiv der Spiele oder fortlaufende Beschreibung aller Spiele der Vorwelt und Mitwelt Ludwig Wilhelm Wittich (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Das Schach- oder König-Spiel: In 4 unterschiedene Bücher, mit behfleiß, gründ- u. ordentl. abgefasset. Auch mit dienlichen Kupfer-Stichen gezieret. Desgleichen vorhin nicht außgangen. Diesem ist zu ende angefüget ein sehr altes Spiel, genandt Rythmo-Machia Gustavus Selenus (i. e. Herzog August Ⅱ. von Braunschweig-Lüneburg) Henning Groß d. J. (Leipzig)German Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Theoretisch-praktische Anleitung zu dem beliebten Domino-Spiele, wie solches der strengsten Räson gemäß, nach bestehenden Regeln, behandelt werden müsse, um den möglichst günstigen Erfolg zu sichern Kaulfuß und Krammer (Wien)German Google Books (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek)
Evaluation du nombre de combinaisons desquels 28 dés d’un jeu de domino sont susceptibles d’après la règle de ce jeu M. Reiss French Bibliothèque Multimedia Intercommunale de Guéret
Nyeste dansk Spillebog S. A. Jørgensen J. H. Schubothe (Kiøbenhavn)Danish Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Nyeste dansk spillebog: indeholdende rigtig og tydelig underviisning i l'hombre-, boston-, whist-, taroc-, frantsfuus-, piqvet- og alle andre brugelige kort-spil, samt grundig anviisning til billard- og schachspil, verkehr, trictrac ... o.s.v S. A. Jørgensen J. H. Schubothe (Kiøbenhavn)Danish Google Books (Harvard University)
Ny og fuldstaendig dansk spillebog eller grundig anviisning til alle nu brugelige kortspil Martin Schwartz P.G. Philipsen (Kiøbenhavn)Danish Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Traité Du Jeu Où l'on examine les principales Questions De Droit Naturel Et De Morale qui ont du rapport à cette Matiere ; 2 Barbeyrac, Jean Pierre Humbert (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Traité Du Jeu Où l'on examine les principales Questions De Droit Naturel Et De Morale qui ont du rapport à cette Matiere ; 1 Barbeyrac, Jean Pierre Humbert (Amsterdam)French Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Talisman des Glücks, oder Der Selbstlehrer für alle Karten-, Schach-, Billard-, Ball-, und Kegel-Spiele C. G. F. von Düben (i. e. Christian Gottfried Flittner) Societäts-Buchhandlung (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Talisman des Glücks oder der Selbstlehrer für alle Karten-, Schach-, Billard-, Ball-, und Kegel-Spiele C. G. F. von Düben (i. e. Christian Gottfried Flittner) C.G. Flittner (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Talisman des Glücks C. G. F. von Düben (i. e. Christian Gottfried Flittner) Sander (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Adolph Julius Theodor Filding's Anleitung das Schachspiel gründlich zu erlernen Adolph Julius Theodor Filding C.G. Flittner (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Adolph Julius Theodor Filding's Anleitung das Schachspiel gründlich zu erlernen Adolph Julius Theodor Filding Societäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung (Berlin)German Google Books (Princeton University)
Die Kunst die Welt mitzunehmen in den verschiedenen Arten der Spiele, Band 1 Georg Bauer (Wien, Nürnberg)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Die Kunst die Welt mitzunehmen in den verschiedenen Arten der Spiele, Band 2 Georg Bauer (Wien, Nürnberg)German Google Books (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek)
Die Kunst die Welt erlaubt mitzunehmen in den verschiedenen Arten der Spiele, Band 1 Johann Eberhard Zeh (Nürnberg)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
La Maison Academique contenant les Jeux du Piquet ... Jacob van Elinckhuysen (La Haye)French Google Books (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek)
Neueste Anleitung zur gründlichen Erlernung des gewöhnlichen neuen Billard-, Kegel-, Ball-, Damen- und sogenannten polnischen Damen- und Dominospiels C. G. F. von Düben (i. e. Christian Gottfried Flittner) (5th edition) C. G. Flittner (Berlin)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Encyclopädie der Spiele: enthaltend alle bekannten Karten-, Bret-, Kegel-, Billard-, Ball-, Würfel-Spiele und Schach : gründliche Anweisung zur Erlernung dieser Spiele, ... Ludwig von Alvensleben (2nd edition) Otto Wigand (Leipzig)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
Encyclopädie der Spiele: enthaltend alle bekannten Karten-, Bret-, Kegel-, Billard-, Ball-, Würfel-Spiele und Schach : gründliche Anweisung zur Erlernung dieser Spiele, ... Ludwig von Alvensleben Otto Wigand (Leipzig)German Google Books (National Library of the Netherlands)
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